Answer:(c) Both 1 and 2.
In India, the Biodiversity Management Committees (BMCs) play a crucial role in the implementation of the objectives of the Nagoya Protocol. The Nagoya Protocol is an international agreement that aims to promote the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and traditional knowledge. The BMCs are responsible for ensuring the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity within their respective jurisdictions, which aligns with the objectives of the Nagoya Protocol. Therefore, statement 1 is correct.
The Biodiversity Management Committees have important functions related to access and benefit sharing. They are responsible for granting permissions for access to biological resources and associated traditional knowledge within their jurisdiction. They also have the power to impose collection fees on the access of biological resources. This helps in ensuring fair and equitable sharing of benefits derived from the utilization of biodiversity resources. Therefore, statement 2 is also correct.