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The conflict between Israel and Palestine is a complex and long-standing issue that dates back to the late 19th century. In order to understand the current situation, it's important to take a closer look at the history of the region.

At the end of the 19th century, the area known as Palestine was part of the Ottoman Empire. The Zionist movement, which sought to establish a Jewish homeland, gained momentum in Europe during this period. Theodor Herzl, an Austrian journalist, became one of the leading figures of the movement and argued for the establishment of a Jewish state in Palestine.

After the collapse of the Ottoman Empire at the end of World War I, Palestine was placed under British control. In 1917, the British government issued the Balfour Declaration, which declared its support for the establishment of a Jewish national home in Palestine.

As more Jewish immigrants began to arrive in Palestine, tensions between Jews and Arabs grew. In 1947, the United Nations voted to partition Palestine into separate Jewish and Arab states. The plan was accepted by Jewish leaders but rejected by Arab leaders, who saw it as an infringement on their rights and the rights of the Arab population in Palestine.

In 1948, Israel declared its independence, and neighboring Arab countries declared war. The ensuing conflict, known as the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, resulted in the displacement of hundreds of thousands of Palestinians, who became refugees. Israel emerged as the victor and gained control of more territory than had been allotted to it by the UN plan.

Over the years, the conflict has continued, with periodic outbreaks of violence and ongoing disputes over land and borders. Israel has continued to expand its settlements in the West Bank and East Jerusalem, which are considered occupied territories by the international community.

The Palestinians, who seek their own independent state, have also been involved in armed conflicts with Israel. The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), led by Yasser Arafat, gained international recognition and support in the 1970s and 1980s through acts of terrorism against Israel. In 1993, the PLO and Israel signed the Oslo Accords, which established a framework for peace negotiations.

However, the peace process has been stalled for years, with both sides unable to agree on key issues such as borders, settlements, and the status of Jerusalem. In recent years, tensions have escalated, with Hamas, a Palestinian militant group, launching attacks on Israel and Israel responding with military force.

The issue of Israel and Palestine remains a complex and difficult one, with no easy solutions. Many efforts have been made over the years to bring about a peaceful resolution, but so far none have been successful.
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The Israel-Palestine conflict is a complex and long-standing issue that spans over a century. Here is a detailed timeline and flowchart of the events:

Late 1800s: The Zionist movement, which aims to establish a Jewish homeland in Palestine, begins to gain traction in Europe.

1917: The Balfour Declaration, a statement from the British government supporting the establishment of a Jewish homeland in Palestine, is issued.

1920: The League of Nations grants Britain a mandate over Palestine.

1922: Britain partitions Palestine into two regions, one for Jews and one for Arabs.

1936-1939: Palestinian Arabs revolt against British rule and Jewish immigration.

1947: The United Nations adopts a plan to partition Palestine into separate Jewish and Arab states. Jewish leaders accept the plan, but Arab leaders reject it.

1948: Israel declares independence, sparking a war with neighboring Arab countries. Hundreds of thousands of Palestinian refugees flee or are forced to leave their homes.

1964: The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) is established, with the aim of reclaiming Palestinian land and establishing a Palestinian state.

1967: In the Six-Day War, Israel gains control of the West Bank and Gaza Strip, as well as East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights.

1978: Israel and Egypt sign the Camp David Accords, which leads to the return of the Sinai Peninsula to Egypt.

1987-1993: The First Intifada, a Palestinian uprising against Israeli occupation, takes place.

1993: Israel and the PLO sign the Oslo Accords, which aim to establish a Palestinian state and grant limited autonomy to the West Bank and Gaza Strip.

2000: The Second Intifada breaks out, leading to a renewed cycle of violence.

2005: Israel withdraws its settlements from Gaza.

2006: Hamas, a militant group that opposes Israel, wins Palestinian legislative elections.

2008-2009: Israel launches a military operation in Gaza, killing hundreds of Palestinians.

2014: Another conflict erupts between Israel and Hamas in Gaza, resulting in over 2,000 deaths.

2018: The United States moves its embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, recognizing Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.

2021: Violence breaks out in Jerusalem, leading to a new round of conflict between Israel and Hamas.

The flowchart of the conflict can be summarized as follows:

Zionist movement -> British Mandate -> Partition plan -> Israeli independence -> Palestinian refugees -> Occupation of West Bank and Gaza Strip -> Peace agreements -> Renewed violence -> Continued occupation and settlement building -> Current conflict.

It should be noted that this is a simplified overview of a very complex issue, and there are many nuances and complexities that are not included in this timeline and flowchart.
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