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(a) Assisted reproductive technologies
(b) Drug delivery nanotechnologies
(c) Vaccine production technologies
(d) Wastewater treatment technologies

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(d) Wastewater treatment technologies


Membrane Bioreactors (MBRs) are advanced wastewater treatment systems that combine biological treatment processes with membrane filtration. They are used to treat sewage and industrial wastewater, producing high-quality effluent suitable for discharge or reuse. MBRs are known for their efficiency in removing contaminants and pathogens from wastewater.