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Welfare schemes have been found to positively influence brain development in children from low-income families.

The cortex, being the outer layer of the brain, has been shown to have higher volume in children from low-income families.

The hippocampus, a deep-seated convoluted structure associated with learning and memory, is larger in children from higher-income families.

Generous anti-poverty policies have no significant impact on reducing the risk of smaller hippocampal volume in children.

How many statements given above are correct?

(a) Only one statement

(b) Only two statements

(c) Only three statements

(d) All four statements

1 Answer

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Answer: (b) Only two statements
Explanation:
Statement 1 is correct as recent research indicates that welfare schemes can positively impact brain development in children from low-income families.
Statement 2 is incorrect as studies have shown that children from low-income families tend to have lower cortical volume.
Statement 3 is correct as the study highlights a positive correlation between higher family income and larger hippocampal volume.
Statement 4 is incorrect as the study demonstrates that generous anti-poverty policies substantially lower the risk of smaller hippocampal volume.
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