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Table comparing the similarities and differences between Non-Cooperation Movement (NCM) and Civil Disobedience Movement (CDM) in the Indian National Movement:

AspectNon-Cooperation Movement (NCM)Civil Disobedience Movement (CDM)
Time Period1920-19221930-1934
Launched ByIndian National CongressIndian National Congress
LeadersMahatma Gandhi, Motilal Nehru, C.R. Das, Rajendra Prasad, Maulana Azad, etc.Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Vallabhbhai Patel, Sarojini Naidu, etc.
ObjectivesBoycott of British goods, boycott of British-run institutions, resignation from government jobs, etc.Non-payment of taxes, disobedience of British laws and orders, picketing of government institutions, etc.
TargetBritish economic and administrative power in IndiaBritish political and administrative power in India
Main EventThe Chauri Chaura incidentThe Salt Satyagraha
OutcomeForced the British government to concede some demands, led to the release of political prisonersForced the British government to concede some demands, led to the signing of the Gandhi-Irwin Pact and the Second Round Table Conference
SignificanceShowed the strength and unity of the Indian people, made the Indian National Congress the dominant political force in IndiaPaved the way for Indian independence, demonstrated the power of nonviolent resistance as a tool for social and political change

In summary, the Non-Cooperation Movement and the Civil Disobedience Movement were two important phases of the Indian National Movement that were launched by the Indian National Congress and led by Mahatma Gandhi. While there were similarities between the two movements, such as their nonviolent and anti-British nature, they differed in terms of their objectives, targets, and outcomes. Both movements played a crucial role in India's struggle for independence and demonstrated the power of nonviolent resistance as a means of achieving political change.

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