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Jawaharlal NehruMahatma Gandhi
SimilaritiesBoth were prominent leaders of the Indian independence movementBoth were committed to non-violent resistance and civil disobedience as means of achieving independence
Both were proponents of socialism and believed in the redistribution of wealthBoth were critical of the caste system and worked to eliminate it
Both were committed to women's rights and education for allBoth were deeply spiritual and believed in the importance of personal ethics and morality
DifferencesNehru was more secular and believed in the separation of religion and politicsGandhi was deeply religious and believed in the integration of spirituality and politics
Nehru was more Western-educated and drew heavily on socialist and modernist idealsGandhi was deeply rooted in Indian traditions and culture, and drew on Hindu concepts such as ahimsa (non-violence) and satyagraha (truth force)
Nehru was more willing to compromise and work within the British colonial systemGandhi was more confrontational and believed in complete non-cooperation with colonial authorities
Nehru was the first Prime Minister of independent India, serving from 1947 until his death in 1964Gandhi did not hold any official political office, but was a major influence on Indian politics and society until his assassination in 1948